Natural Methane in Appalachian Basin Waters

Natural Methane in Appalachian Basin Waters

Research Summary The use of hydraulic fracturing (“fracking”) to access unconventional oil and gas reserves has led to a “cottage industry” of lawsuits against hydrocarbon companies for allegedly contaminating drinking water by methane gas.  To address the extent to...
Lead in Northern Appalachian Groundwater

Lead in Northern Appalachian Groundwater

Research Summary Lead in Flint Michigan drinking water has been in the headlines nearly every day increasing public awareness of lead in drinking water.  Years before Flint made headlines, IES Senior Scientist, Don Siegel, started evaluating the natural chemistry...
Inducing Methane By Pumping Water Wells

Inducing Methane By Pumping Water Wells

Inducing methane release by pumping should be taken into account when regulators consider increased concentrations of methane in drinking water might be related to gas well development.

Research Summary: Organic Contaminants in Portland Cement

Research Summary: Organic Contaminants in Portland Cement

USEPA uses glycol is an indicator of hydraulic fracturing chemical migration. Recent research has shown that glycol is present in portland cement and that it leaches from the cement at concentrations in the thousands of parts per billion. Therefore glycol alone shouldn’t be used to demonstrate hydraulic fracturing contamination in aquifers.